Sri Guru Teg
Bahadur Ji (The Gurus)
Guru Tegh Bahadur Ji (1621 - 1675)
Guru Harkrishan had not specificially named the
Ninth Guru. So no less than 22 imposters who called themselves Guru set
themselves up in the village of Bakala. Bhai Makhan Shah, a Lubana
went to Bakala to discover the real Guru, thereby personal testimony, he
discovered Guru Tegh Bahadur and proclaimed him as the Ninth Guru in 1664.
Guru Tegh Bahadur's life (1621 - 1675) may be
divided into three periods; the first period of 23 years spent at Amritsar
along with his father, the second period of 19 years was spent in quiet
meditation at Bakala, and the third period of 11 years he travelled exclusively
in eastern India and then Punjab.
Dhirmal, a nephew of Guru Tagh Bahadur was extremely
jealous of and angry with the Guru. He wanted to kill the Gurnu.
So he sent a number of decoits to plunder the Guru's house. Sihan
one of them, shot the Guru and injured his shoulder. The next morning,
the Sikhs captured Sihan and brought him to the temple. The Guru
pardoned him and set him free. The Guru said, "Forgiveness is a great
Some Kashmiri Hindus who were forced to accept
Islam came to Guru Tegh Bahadur at Anandpur. The Guru agreed to sacrifice
his life for the protection of the Hindus. The Hindu pandits sent
a message to Emperor Aurnagzeb that if Guru Tegh Bahadur accepted Ismal,
they would follow his example.
Emperor Aurangzeb ordered the imprisonment of
Guru Tagh Bahadur. He told him either to accept Islam or to show
a miracle. The Guru refused to do either. With regard to the
performance of a miracle the Guru said "Is it not a great miracle that
the emperor forgets his own death, while inflicting it on others?"
Aurangzeb ordered the Gurr's execution.
The executioner Adam Shah dealt the blow after the Guru had finished a
recitation of "Japji." The head of the Guru fell into the lap of
a Sikh who took it to Anandpur. The body was cremated by a Sikh at
the place where now stands Gurdwara Rakabganj. Guru Tegh Bahadur's
martyrdom is unique, he gave his life not the the preservation of Sikhism,
but to protect the Hindu religion. His was the second martyrdom in